Electricity prices hour by hour for today and tomorrow for Europe. Also see historical prices, map and statistics.
Source: entsoe.eu

The European electricty market is operated by the transmission grid operator of each country. The suppliers (power generators) take care of the actual provision of electricity to the end consumer. They buy electricity at a daily auction and the next day the electricity is transported to the customer through the distribution grid to which households and companies are connected. The prices for the next day, called day-a-head prices, are normally determined around 12.00 to 14.00 the previous day.
The European electricity market is a complex and dynamic system that encompasses a variety of different countries, regulatory bodies, and stakeholders. At its core, the market is designed to ensure a reliable and affordable supply of electricity to consumers across the continent, while also promoting the development of renewable energy sources and reducing carbon emissions.

One of the key features of the European electricity market is its liberalization, which began in the 1990s and has since been implemented in most EU countries. This means that the market is open to competition, with a variety of different electricity producers, distributors, and retailers operating within it. This competition is intended to drive down prices for consumers and encourage innovation in the sector.

Another important aspect of the European electricity market is its integration and interconnectivity. This is facilitated by a network of transmission and distribution grids that connect different countries and regions, allowing for the efficient flow of electricity across borders. The aim of this integration is to improve security of supply, increase market liquidity, and reduce the impact of price fluctuations.

The European electricity market is also closely linked to the EU's ambitious climate goals. In order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and meet its target of becoming carbon-neutral by 2050, the EU is promoting the development of renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power. This is achieved through a variety of measures, including subsidies and feed-in tariffs, which are designed to make renewable energy more cost-competitive with fossil fuels.

One of the major challenges facing the European electricity market is the integration of increasing amounts of renewable energy into the grid. As the share of renewable energy sources in the mix increases, it becomes more difficult to balance supply and demand, as the output of these sources can be highly variable. This is particularly true for wind and solar power, which are dependent on weather conditions.

Another challenge is the integration of distributed energy resources, such as small-scale solar panels and energy storage systems, into the grid. As more and more consumers generate their own electricity, it becomes more difficult to manage the flow of electricity on the grid, and to ensure that supply and demand are always in balance.